In order to differentiate between cannabis and weed, it is important to know their differences. Then, you will be able to choose the best option that will suit your needs. For example, you may want to know about the differences between hemp and marijuana. You can also find out about the different types of cannabinoids that are found in cannabis. Among these, you will learn about CBD, terpenes, and flavonoids.
Is Cannabis and Weed the Same?
Yes, cannabis and weed are the same thing. Cannabis is the scientific name for the plant that is also commonly known as marijuana, pot, or weed. It is a plant that contains a number of chemical compounds known as cannabinoids, including cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). These compounds interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system and can produce a range of effects, including changes in mood, perception, and cognition.
Cannabis is used for a variety of purposes, including recreational use, medical use, and industrial use. It is consumed in a variety of forms, including dried flowers, oils, and edibles. The legal status of cannabis varies by location, and it is important to be aware of and comply with all relevant laws and regulations. In some locations, cannabis is illegal, while in others it is legal for medical or recreational use.
Cannabinoids are the chemicals in marijuana and other plants that can activate a number of targets in the body. These targets include the endocannabinoids, the GABA receptors, and the PPARg (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor g) in the brain.
There are two types of cannabinoid receptors. The CB1 receptors are found in the central nervous system. They are responsible for regulating many functions in the brain. Some of these functions include memory, mood, coordination, and psychomotor performance.
The CB2 receptors are present in the immune system cells in the brain. They also play a role in inflammation control. However, they are not as prominent throughout the nervous system as the CB1 receptors. Their function is not entirely understood.
There are several non-psychotropic cannabinoid compounds in cannabis. One is cannabidiol (CBD). This compound does not have the psychoactive effect of THC. It has been used to treat neurological disorders such as seizures and pain. Although there are some reports of harmful effects from using cannabis, they are thought to be due to interactions with other medications.
Other cannabinoids include delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabinol. Both of these cannabinoids are decarboxylated forms of CBDA. While they have the same molecular structure, they do not produce the same effects.
Terpenes are essential compounds that contribute to the smell and flavor of cannabis. They also provide a protective barrier between cannabis and other plants, insects, and harmful creatures.
These terpenes also modulate cannabinoid activity. This synergic effect, known as the entourage effect, has been observed in a few studies. However, the scientific research on terpenes and cannabinoids is still in its early stages. The majority of research is conducted on animal models.
Terpenes have been used to enhance the therapeutic benefits of marijuana, but it is still uncertain how they interact with cannabinoids. Several studies have been carried out to investigate the anti-inflammatory, pain-relieving, and anti-viral properties of terpenes.
Many terpenes are present in very low concentrations, which makes them hard to detect. In some studies, the terpenes induced the classic cannabinoid tetrad behavior, whereas others had no effect.
Some of the most prominent terpenes found in cannabis include limonene, pinene, and caryophyllene. Caryophyllene delivers a spicy and earthy scent. Pinene is responsible for the piney aroma of certain cultivars.
Terpenes have also been proven to help prevent ulcers. There are also studies to indicate that terpenes may play an important role in the human immune system.
Flavonoids are a group of phytonutrients that act as a protective system for plants. They also contribute to the flavor, aroma, and pigmentation of the plant. These compounds are found in plants we eat regularly, including cannabis. Currently, scientists have discovered more than 6000 different kinds of flavonoids, and the number is growing.
Flavonoids are responsible for the colors of many fruits and vegetables. They are antioxidants and may have anti-inflammatory and anticancer properties. Some research shows that these compounds interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system.
A few scientists are currently studying the role of flavonoids in cannabis. It has been difficult to study these compounds due to federal prohibitions on cannabis. However, new studies abroad are uncovering new discoveries.
Cannaflavins are a group of flavonoids that occur naturally in marijuana. These compounds interact with membrane-bound receptors and enzymes. Their chemistry is different from other flavonoids. This allows them to enter the cell more.
Kaempferol is another compound that is found in the cannabis plant. It fights inflammation and helps the body form new blood cells. Researchers believe it may also be useful in treating heart disease and depression.
Another flavonoid that is known for its antioxidant properties is quercetin. It is commonly used as a dietary supplement in the United States. It also has antifungal and antibacterial properties.
Symptoms of cannabis use disorder
Cannabis use disorder (CUD) is a mental disorder that is characterized by clinically significant distress and impairment resulting from the regular use of cannabis. In general, individuals with CUD are also experiencing other psychiatric disorders.
In the United States, cannabis use typically occurs in adolescents or young adults. When using cannabis, people may experience symptoms such as memory loss, intrusive thoughts, and delusions. Overuse can lead to dependency and withdrawal symptoms.
There are several treatments for the disorder. They include behavioral therapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy, and motivational enhancement therapy. These therapies work by replacing dysfunctional thought patterns with more positive ones.
Behavioral treatment should be started as early as possible. Early sessions should focus on motivating the patient to engage in the treatment process. It can also involve contingency management.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy can help individuals learn to tolerate emotions and replace dysfunctional thought patterns. Behavioral treatments are usually conducted in outpatient settings. Individuals should be monitored weekly at the start of treatment to ensure that they are progressing. Depending on the individual’s goals, they may need to be monitored less frequently.
Other treatments include pharmacotherapy. Researchers are exploring medications that can help ease the withdrawal symptoms associated with cannabis.
Interactions with medications
The effects of marijuana and prescription medications can be additive or antagonistic. If you are considering using cannabis, talk with your healthcare provider before taking any medication.
Drug interactions can be dangerous. They can cause accidental overdoses and toxicity. However, a pharmacist can answer your questions on the spot. Moreover, pharmacists are familiar with the best sources for drug interaction data.
In addition to prescription drugs, a wide range of over-the-counter medications can interact with marijuana. These medications include antihistamines, benzodiazepines, and antidepressants.
Although some studies indicate that these interactions are possible, more research is needed. Several clinical trials are needed to validate these interactions.
Most drug interactions are mediated by an alteration in the activity of a particular enzyme. The CYP family is one of the most common enzymes that help the body process a wide variety of drugs. Some of the most commonly used drugs are metabolized by these enzymes.
A few examples of these drugs are aspirin, heparin, and anticoagulants. Taking these medications along with marijuana can increase the risk of bleeding. This is because marijuana affects the body’s processes for these drugs.
Besides the well-known side effects, such as drowsiness, impaired concentration, and reduced heart rate, there are also more subtle effects. For instance, marijuana may increase the risk of falls and car accidents. Similarly, it may accentuate the effects of alcohol and prescription medications.
Cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are two compounds found in cannabis. They are similar chemically but have different effects on the body. Whether a product contains both or only one of these substances can be confusing.
THC and CBD interact with cannabinoid receptors in the body. CBD does not produce a psychoactive effect like THC, but it does have many potential health benefits.
Both CBD and THC can be used for medical purposes. However, there are risks and side effects involved. For this reason, you should consult with your doctor before you begin using a new cannabis product.
Some products that contain high levels of THC may be dangerous. This can include an increased risk of paranoia, hallucinations, panic attacks, and psychiatric symptoms. In addition, prolonged use of cannabis can result in recurrent severe vomiting.
Some studies have suggested that regular or high doses of THC can increase the risk of developing schizophrenia. This has led researchers to look into the possibility of adding cannabinoids to traditional antipsychotic drugs. Alternatively, researchers are also looking at the possibility of using cannabinoids to treat various cancers.
While the effects of cannabinoids on health are still unknown, some studies suggest that they could lower inflammation and decrease anxiety. Another study indicates that they may help mitigate the symptoms of schizophrenia.
Hemp and cannabis are plants from the same species, Cannabis sativa. But, hemp is different from marijuana in many ways. For one thing, hemp grows faster than trees, making it more suitable for farming. It also contains less THC, or Tetrahydrocannabinol, a chemical compound in cannabis that produces the psychoactive effects.
Hemp has been used as a source of fiber for clothing and rope since ancient times. Several philosophers from Greece and Rome have suggested the use of hemp, including Athenaeus. Another reference is from Pliny the Elder. His writings suggest that decoctions from the root of cannabis were beneficial in treating joint stiffness.
Cannabis has been used to treat a number of ailments, including arthritis, eczema, high cholesterol, pain, and constipation. However, there is no evidence to support claims that cannabis is safe for pregnant women and children.
Hemp can be used as a source of CBD oil. This natural compound has been shown to have anti-inflammatory and mental health benefits.
CBD is not the same as marijuana, although they are often confused. Hemp is legal in the U.S. and is an important crop for agriculture. Unlike marijuana, hemp is cultivated for food and fiber.